What is Data Mining?

what is data mining?

What is Data Mining?

Data Mining enables Corporations and Government Agencies to analyze data extensively and relatively inexpensively. This type of information retrieval is used by the exponential growth in the volume and the availability of information collected.

By progress in public and private sectors, as well as computing and data storage capabilities. In response to these trends, generic Data Mining tools are rapidly available - or built in major commercial Database applications.

There is no universally agreed-upon definition for word mining. Some definitions of the word are quite broad. For example, the Technology and Privacy Advisory Committee of the Department of Defense (TAPAC of) defined data mining in this way:

A person or government agency or employee of the U.S. Discover one or more electronic databases of information related to individuals.

The General Accountability Office (GAO) defines data mining as an application of database technology and techniques - such as statistical analysis and modeling - the rules that allow for the hidden patterns and subtle connections in the data and the future forecasting. To estimate
the result is. We base this definition on the most commonly used words in the survey of technical literature. In the GAO Preliminary Survey of Chief Information Officers, these officers found an adequate definition to identify agency Data Mining efforts.
Federal agencies are using data mining for a variety of purposes, including improving service or performance, analyzing and tracking terrorist patterns and activities. The GAO survey of 128 federal departments and agencies on the use of data mining reveals that 52 agencies are planning to use or are using data mining. These departments and agencies reported 199 Data Mining efforts, out of which 68 were planned and 131 were operational.

The most common use of Data Mining efforts by agencies was:
  1.  As an improvement in service or performance;
  2. Detecting fraud, waste, and misuse;
  3. Analysis of scientific and research information;
  4. Managing human resources;
  5. Implement criminal activities or patterns; And
  6. Performing Intelligence Analysis and Detecting Terrorist Activities
The Department of Defense reported the largest number of data mining efforts aimed at improving service or performance and management of human resources.

For the purpose of analyzing the defense, Intelligence, and detecting terrorist activities, the user was the most frequent, after which the Department of Homeland Security, Justice and Education was. In addition, out of all the 199 Data Mining efforts identified, 122 used personal information.

For these efforts, the primary purpose was to detect fraud, waste, and misuse; Detecting criminal activities or patterns; Exploring intelligence and detecting terrorist activities; And increase tax compliance.

Links -  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04548.pdf

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